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Research Article  |  Published 20 February 2019

Using Cobalt and Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles for the Conversion of Solid kitchen waste into Biofuel

Tariq Mahmood1*, Sajjad ul Haq, Ali Ahsan and Waqar Adil Syed

Associate Professor, Nano Science & Technology Division, National Centre for Physics, Qauid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.
Graduated, BS Physics (Nanotechnology), International Islamic University, Islamabad.
Frontier institute of science and technology, MMRC, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049.
Associate professor, Department of Physics, FBAS, International Islamic University Islamabad.


Here we are describing the novel approach for the synthesis of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) and nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles by using bread fungus and coriander leaves at room temperature. We used Cobalt Nitrate hexahydrate [Co(NO)3.6H2O] and Nickel Chloride (NiCl2) as a precursors. All nanoparticles were in Nano size and ranging from ~16 and ~18 nm respectively. The X-Ray diffraction (XRD) pattern reveals the formation of Cobalt oxide [Co(NO)3.6H2O] and Nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles, which shows crystallinity. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images reveal that the particles are spherical in shape, uniformly distributed and no agglomeration occur. Fourier Transform Electroscope (FTIR) graphs shows the bonding of Cobalt Oxide and Nickel Oxide. These Nanoparticles may have a promising role in the conversion of solid waste or organic matter into biofuel and biogas as well as Char can be produce

Cobalt oxide, Nickel Oxide NPs, Bread Fungus, Coriander leaves, Green Synthesis, Kitchen waste, Biofuel.


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